–Dr. Jeff Whitworth
A couple folks viewed last weeks carpenter bee photos and thought they were bumble bees. This is a great example then to point out just how important it is to take the best possible photos before sending them in to be ID’d. Please take several closeups from several angles and please place some object beside the specimen, i.e., a penny, pencil, ruler, etc, will work, so we can get an idea of size. Also very important, where the specimen was found and what was it found on, and how many were at that location and what were they doing-feeding/crawling on the ground, etc. The specimens last week were collected from insulation in an old garage and seemed to have smooth abdomens. See figure 3 for side by side comparison between a carpenter bee vs bumble bee.
Figure 3 carpenter bee (on the left) vs bumble bee (on the right)
Also, for those interested in trapping carpenter bees-please see Dr Phil Sloderbeck’s carpenter bee trap (fig 4). Dr Sloderbeck retired ca.6 years ago as a KSU Extension Entomologist and Southwest Kansas Area Administrator. But, (fig 5)as you can plainly see–Dr Phil is still an entomologist at heart! Happy retirement, Dr Phil, and thank you for the pictures!
Figure 4 bee trap (P. Sloderbeck)
Figure 5 captured 17 carpenter bees (P. Sloderbeck)
–by Frannie Miller
Did you know that June 22 – 28, 2020 is National Pollinator Week. Fun fact is beetles pollinated the first flowers more than 140 million years ago. It is estimated that more than 200,000 animal species serve as pollinators. Insects pollinate our crops and help provide one in every three bites of food. Without them we wouldn’t have chocolate or many other vegetables, fruit such as strawberries, apples or grapes, seeds, and nuts.
What can you do to help make sure the pollinators are around to do their job? Examples may include:
*Create a backyard pollinator garden
*Volunteer to help create a pollinator garden at a local school
*Reduce or eliminate the use of pesticides
*Don’t spray directly on flowers
*Plant pollinator friendly plants such as natives or milkweeds
*Support local bees and beekeepers
*Give bees a nesting place
*Provide a water source for pollinators.
–by Dr. Raymond Cloyd & Brooke Garcia
Join K-State Research and Extension for an informative all-day “Beekeeping Basics” workshop on Tuesday, September 24, from 8 a.m. – 4 p.m. at Sunset Zoo. This beekeeping workshop will provide an introduction to beekeeping, as well as provide education on the parasites, pathogens, and other maladies associated with honey bees, including the effects of pesticides on honey bees. Participants will learn the importance of honey bees and see how to build their own beehive.
Whether you’re new to beekeeping or have some experience, you’re sure to learn something new. Discussions will be led by K-State Extension Entomologist, Dr. Raymond Cloyd, as well as other beekeepers in the Manhattan area. This event is limited to 30 participants.
Lunch will be provided. Please pre-register and make a payment at https://www.ksre.k-state.edu/pesticides-ipm/. If you have any questions, please email Brooke Garcia at email@example.com.
Read the KSRE Tuesday Letter Announcement: https://ksre.ksu.edu/tuesday/announcement/?id=55234
—by Dr. Raymond Cloyd
Honey bees and bumble bees are important pollinators of many horticultural crops including vegetables, and ornamental plants in gardens and landscapes. As the weather warms, both pollinators will become more active visiting the flowers of plants in bloom. However, how different are honey bees and bumble bees?
There are a number of behavioral differences associated with honey bees and bumble bees that are presented below:
- Bumble bees are more active at lower temperatures (40°F) whereas honey bees are primarily active when temperatures are around 60°F or higher.
- Bumble bees are active on cloudy and rainy days. Honey bees are less active at low light intensities.
- Bumble bees “buzz pollinate” flowers so only a single bumble bee is required for pollination whereas up to 7 honey bees may be needed to pollinate a flower.
- Bumble bees forage for pollen instead of nectar. They are also more efficient pollinators than honey bees because they visit more flowers in a designated time period (e.g., minute).
- Bumble bees are present longer during the day (early morning and late evening) than honey bees, which means they may be more susceptible to exposure from pesticide applications.
It is important to protect honey bees and bumble bees from exposure to pesticides including insecticides and fungicides. So, when using pesticides be sure to adhere to the following:
- Use pesticides according to the label (ALWAYS READ THE LABEL DIRECTIONS CAREFULLY).
- Apply pesticides when both honey bees and bumble bees are less active (early morning and later evening).
- Apply more selective pesticides such as Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki (sold as Dipel), which is only active on caterpillars.
- “Bee-Careful” when applying any pesticides. For example, avoid directly applying pesticides to open flowers that may be visited by honey bees or bumble bees.
—by Sharon Dobesh
For Kansas beekeepers interested in using HopGuard II for varroa mite control, the 2015 section 18 was approved effective April 13, 2015 through December 31, 2015. The active ingredient in HopGuard is 16% potassium salt of hop beta acids, which offers an alternate chemistry against varroa mites and is considered to be a more natural or ‘softer’ chemistry.
The use directions for HopGuard II in the colony at a rate of one strip per five deep frames covered with bees in each brood chamber. Strips must be opened and hung over the frame, two strips per ten frame super. There is a maximum of three applications per year per super (i.e. six strips per year super) is allowed. Application should occur based on varroa mite levels in the colony. For optimal results, little to no brood should be present in the colony.
The Kansas Department of Agriculture needs beekeepers, who are current users of HopGuard, to volunteer for required Section 18 inspections. If you use HopGuard and would allow KDA to come inspect HopGuard use in your hive(s), please contact Judy Glass, firstname.lastname@example.org. Judy will need your name and contact information to follow-up. These inspections should not take longer than an hour to complete (probably less), but are required data for EPA in order for Kansas to continue to apply for Section 18 status. All volunteers may not be inspected.
Contact Sharon Dobesh (email@example.com or 785-532-1340) if you have any questions regarding the section 18 approval, need a copy of the HopGuard II label, or the KDA inspections.