Protected areas (PAs) are critical for conservation of species and ecosystems. Since 1990, global terrestrial area designated as PAs has increased more than 50% (Juffe-Bignoli et al., 2014). While PAs are often criticized for negatively impacting the livelihoods of marginalized rural communities, contrasting dynamics have emerged outside PAs. Increasing employment opportunities, resource availability, and improved market access in PA buffers have led to higher rates of population growth in these areas compared to other rural areas (Wittemyer et al., 2008). As human populations expand and encroach upon natural habitats, many animal species face increasing competition with people for resources and space, often resulting in habitat loss and degradation. The effectiveness of PAs is also impacted by what takes place outside their boundaries (Hansen and DeFries, 2007). Species such as wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus) use areas outside reserves for their annual migration, while African elephants (Loxodonta africana) range widely and routinely leave protected areas. Agricultural conversion and urban expansion disrupt the wildlife corridors and restrict animal populations within PAs. As a result, some species, such as the African elephant, are coming into increasing conflict with people. Human-elephant conflict takes many forms, from crop raiding to infrastructure damage, and can cause injury or death to people and/or elephants. This presents a critical challenge for PA management and food security of local communities.
The USAID Mission in Tanzania sponsored and hosted a five day (6th to 10th of February 2017) training on environmental sensitivity in Morogoro, Tanzania. USAID Mission staff, USAID implementing partners, university representatives, and government officials attended the training. The USAID Global Environmental Management Support Project (GEMS) provided technical and logistic support on environmental safety training, planning, and delivery.
The Geospatial and Farming Systems Research Consortium, funded by the Feed the Future Sustainable Intensification Innovation Lab and in partnership with the International Center for Tropical Agriculture, will host a 5 day hands-on workshop on data science for agricultural development on August 15-19, 2016 in Arusha, Tanzania. All Innovation Lab partners working in Tanzania and the surrounding region are invited to attend.
The workshop will include an introduction to the R software, and using R for data analysis and modeling, with an emphasis on spatial data. Case studies will include the use of climate, soils, crop, and health and remote sensing data. Participants will learn how to integrate various data types and analytical approaches (e.g. machine learning and simulation modeling) into a single work flow. The number of participants is limited, and prospective attendees must complete the event application.
There is no cost for attending the workshop. Lodging and meals will be provided, and travel grants may be available upon request. For more information, please contact Ani Ghosh.